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MYTH: Bibi Aisha a six-year-old bride

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I saw this message on #blaagers hash tag on twitter from enked of Chidimarcom:

Please all #Muslims gather ! Read here and start commenting ! http://bitly.com/FKjT0 You can spend atleast 3-5 minutes for #Islam #blaagers

The whole topic is about that Bibi Aisha was 6 or 9 years old at the time of marriage — here is the rebuttal to this FALSE “claim”

Bibi Asma was Hazrat Abu Bakr’s daughter She was the half sister of Bibi Aisha

According to this page on Wikipedia:

692: Death

According to almost all the historians, Asma the elder sister of Aisha, was ten years older than Aisha Asma is reported to die in the 73 AH, when she was 100 years old”

Now many will say that Wikipedia cannot be used as a reference or source But I have the sources with me:

According to Abda’l-Rahman ibn abi zanna’d:

“Asma was 10 years older than Ayesha (Siyar A‘lam Al-Nubala’, Al-Zahabi, Vol 2, p 289, Arabic, Mu’assasatu’l-risalah, Beirut, 1992)

قال عبد الرحمن بن أبي الزناد كانت أسماء أكبر من عائشة بعشر

According to Ibn Kathir:

“She [Asma] was elder to her sister [Ayesha] by 10 years” (Al-Bidayah wa’l-nihayah, Ibn Kathir, Vol 8, p 371, Dar al-fikr al-`arabi, Al-jizah, 1933) #link

وهي أكبر من أختها عائشة بعشر سنين

According to Ibn Kathir:

“She [Asma] saw the killing of her son during that year [73 AH], as we have already mentioned, and five days later she herself died According to other narratives, she died not after five days but 10 or 20, or a few days over 20, or 100 days later The most well known narrative is that of 100 days later At the time of her death, she was 100 years old” (Al-Bidayah wa’l-nihayah, Ibn Kathir, Vol 8, p 372, Dar al-fikr al-`arabi, Al-jizah, 1933) #link

وأدركت قتل ولدها في هذه السنة كما ذكرنا، ثم ماتت بعده بخمسة أيام

وقيل: بعشرة

وقيل: بعشرين

وقيل: بضع وعشرين يوما

وقيل: عاشت بعده مائة يوم، وهو الأشهر، وبلغت من العمر مائة سنة ولم يسقط لها سن، ولم ينكر لها عقل رحمها الله

وقد روت عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم عدة أحاديث طيبة مباركة رضي الله عنها ورحمها

According to Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani:

“She [Asma] lived a hundred years and died in 73 or 74 AH” (Taqribu’l-tehzib, Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani, p 654, Arabic, Bab fi’l-nisa’, al-harfu’l-alif, Lucknow)

8525- أسماء بنت أبي بكر الصديق ‏[‏ذات النطاقين‏]‏ زوج الزبير ابن العوام من كبار الصحابة عاشت مائة سنة وماتت سنة ثلاث أو أربع وسبعين ع

This says two things:

  1. Bibi Asma was 10 years older than Bibi Aisha
  2. Bibi Asma died in 73 AH (692 – 693 CE)

Okay so it means Bibi Asma was born in 592 and then 10 years later in year 602 Bibi Aisha was born

So the Exact year of Bibi Aisha’s birth is: 602 CE

Now hold that thought and let me check when Bibi Aisha got married with our beloved Prophet:

Wikipedia says on this page:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aisha#Marriage_to_Muhammad

According to the traditional sources, Aisha was six or seven years old when betrothed to Muhammad[1][3][4] American historian Denise Spellberg states that “these specific references to the bride’s age reinforce Aisha’s pre-menarcheal status and, implicitly, her virginity”[3] She stayed in her parents’ home until the age of nine, when the marriage was consummated[1][3][4][5][6][7] The marriage was delayed until after the Hijra, or migration to Medina, in 622; Aisha and her older sister Asma bint Abi Bakr only moved to Medina after Muhammad had already migrated there After this, the wedding was celebrated very simply

It clearly says:

  1. She was betrothed (engaged) to Prophet at the age of six or seven years
  2. Marriage took place at the age of nine
  3. Marriage took place after Hijrah (migration)

Hijrah took place in 622 CE!! If she was born in 602 CE as we PROVED above, Bibi Aisha was around 20 years old when she got married to our beloved Prophet!

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Please note that that there are many different ways to debunk this claim, and most ways will take you to a new age for example on one place Ibn-e-Hajar says:

“Fatima was born at the time the Ka`bah was rebuilt, when the Prophet was 35 years old she was five years older that Ayesha” (Al-isabah fi tamyizi’l-sahabah, Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, Vol 4, p 377, Maktabatu’l-Riyadh al-haditha, al-Riyadh, 1978)

It means when Bibi Aisha was born Prophet was 40 years old, we already know that their marriage took place after Hijrah, and that at the time of Hijrah Prophet was 52 years old (or above?), which means that Bibi Aisha was at least 12 years of age at the time of marriage

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On one location Al-Tabari writes:

“All four of his [Abu Bakr’s] children were born of his two wives during the pre-Islamic period” (Tarikhul-umam wa’l-mamlu’k, Al-Tabari (died 922), Vol 4, p 50, Arabic, Dara’l-fikr, Beirut, 1979) (also known as Tarikh-ul-Tabari OR History of the Prophets and Kings)

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That means Bibi Aisha was born before the first revelation which occured in 610 CE, It doesn’t say if it was one year before first revelation or 5 years or 10 years, it just says “pre-Islamic Period” So we cannot get the exact age but we can safely say that at the time of marriage (which took place after Hijrah (622 CE)) Bibi Aisha was at least 12 years of age or more

All this means that we cannot trust and rely on narrations regarding Bibi Aisha’s age They all are contradicting each other, they are all conflicting

-Salman